Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition in which the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood are too high. A hormone produced by the pancreas called Insulin normally regulates blood glucose levels. However in people with Diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or there is a problem with how the body’s cells respond to it.
Abnormal levels of glucose in the blood can have many effects on the body and serious impacts on the feet. It is therefore necessary to undergo a Diabetes assessment by our Podiatrist at least annually and ongoing podiatry care if necessary to monitor the effects of the disease on your feet and to raise awareness to prevent complications.
Complications of Diabetes in the feet include:
Loss of protective sensation
Reduced blood flow to the feet
Increased risk of infection
Delay in healing
In high risk feet – Diabetic foot ulcers, amputations and gangrene
A Diabetes foot assessment involves assessing many factors including the blood flow to the lower limbs using a Doppler Ultrasound and measuring nerve conduction in the feet by assessing pressure felt from a 10g monofilament and vibration tuning fork.
The foot is also inspected and treated accordingly in an attempt to minimize the formation of corns, callous and pressure ulcers, which are commonly associated with diabetic feet.
Our aim at Vital Podiatry is to educate our patients in ways to monitor and administer appropriate daily diabetic foot care and prevent complications that commonly occur with Diabetes.